The 2012 Tuareg rebellion—the country’s fourth since independence—shook Mali and brought down the government of President Amadou Toumani Touré.It also led to the takeover of nearly two-thirds of the country’s landmass by non-state armed groups and an eventual jihadist occupation, both in Mali’s arid north.
Depending on the date format Palindrome Days can be rare.
The value of rebuilding Timbuktu, a unique intellectual and spiritual capital rich in cultural treasures, is priceless for both Mali’s post-conflict recovery and for its significance for global patrimony.
“A community’s cultural heritage reflects its life, history and identity.
Its preservation helps to rebuild broken communities, re-establish their identities, and link their past with their present and future,” said Vibeke Jensen, Director of the UNESCO Office in New York, adding, “By damaging and destroying cultural heritage of a community, one is in fact not only destroying the past but very much the future.
There is also a real danger that armed groups will once again appropriate governance in the north, whittling away at the influence of the state in an insidious manner.
Such local governance by local armed groups may not always be bad for local populations in northern Mali. But such a policy continues to undermine the state.However million is still required for the actual restoration costs, according to Lazare Eloudou Assomo, UNESCO Representative to Mali and global expert on the iconic World Heritage site.“It’s a long and complex task ,” said Eloudou, at a press conference at the United Nations in New York on 30 June.He noted that the first stage in the rehabilitation of the cultural heritage of Timbuktu, launched on 14 March, is complete.However, to date only million of the estimated million to complete the project has been raised.The restoration has benefitted to date from donations of 500,000 euros.Fourteen of the 16 mausoleums of Timbuktu inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List were destroyed by armed groups during the conflict.In response to the 2012 rebellion, the government of Mali has revived these same old policies while governance failures and corruption persist and abound.Not only has the government shown itself to be ineffective before, the situation in Mali has changed significantly since even the signing of the 2015 accords, raising further questions about the government’s ability to uphold its end of the bargain.“ Fourteen of the 16 mausoleums of Timbuktu inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List were destroyed by armed groups during the conflict.The manuscripts of Mali, constitute a unique documentary collection that bears testimony to the history of Africa and of humanity as a whole. During the conflict, more than 4,000 of the 40,000 manuscripts kept at the Ahmed Baba Institute were lost.