In August 1926, Abdul-Aziz approved a comprehensive constitution that was called the Basic Regulation (al-Talimat al-Assasiah) for the province of Hijaz.
The document was in line with the constitutions of many modern states, and may also be regarded as the precursor for future ones.
In 1927, the "Commission on Inspection and Reform," a committee which was tasked with reviewing the administrative system, was formed by order of Abdul-Aziz.
Recommending courses of action for administrative reform, the commission sent a proposal for a new statute of the Consultative Council that was approved by Abdul-Aziz in July, 1927.
In 1924, Abdul-Aziz ibn Sa'ud-the founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-1953)-took control of the Hijaz (the Western Province of Saudi Arabia), ending a long series of battles to consolidate and unite a vast but fragmented territory.
Abdul-Aziz had his eyes on implementing a nation building process which would fit the needs and aspirations of the people while growing alongside their assessment of what would best serve the nation and its citizens.unity was realized because Abdul-Aziz applied the doctrine of Islam to public policy, justice, and all other fields of life.Focusing on the needs of his people, Abdul-Aziz In 1924, the "National Council" (al-Majlis al-Ahli), a consultative council introduced by Abdul-Aziz, began to take on powers, except for foreign and military affairs, which were handled by the King.By August, 1925, the "Makkah Consultative Council," having greater powers, was formed.This new Consultative Council was in charge of informing the government about any errors in the application of laws and statutes.Furthermore, it was responsible for conducting work in various areas, which included budgets, construction project concessions and licenses, expropriation of public property, employment of foreign nationals, and law and statute legislation.It also led in the execution of policies related to the national economy, education, social welfare, and most public affairs.Focusing on the needs of the Saudi citizens, Saudi governmental agencies experienced a great deal of expansion during the 1980s.The Council of Deputies functioned for twenty three years.It served like a small council of ministers for the Hijaz, until the creation of the council of Ministers in 1953, which brought all the provinces of the Kingdom under its own jurisdiction.This new council was responsible for overseeing communication, trade, education, the court system, internal security, and municipal affairs.It was also the center of the General Consultative Council, which played a significant role in the creation of the Council of Ministers.