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In almost half of two-parent households, both parents now work full-time, and in 40% of all families with children, the mother is the sole or primary breadwinner. is the only country among 41 nations that does not mandate any paid leave for new parents, according to data compiled by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

At the same time, fathers – virtually all of whom are in the labor force – are taking on more child care responsibilities, as fatherhood has grown to encompass far more than just bringing home the bacon. The smallest amount of paid leave required in any of the other 40 nations is about two months.

(While many countries reimburse about 100% of average earnings, particularly for maternity leave, in other paid leave situations, less than 30% of average earnings are reimbursed.) In most countries, a social-security-type system is used to fund the paid time off, though in a small share of cases, the employer also foots part of the bill, as well.

Legislation is pending in the Michigan House and Senate to make Michigan the 8th state to require employers of all sizes and types to provide paid sick leave to their employees.

The total amount of leave available to new parents can be comprised of several types of leave: maternity leave, available to mothers around the time of a birth or adoption; paternity leave, available to fathers around the time of a birth or adoption; and parental leave, which is typically available after maternity or paternity leave.

In some cases, parental leave is allocated for mothers only or for fathers only. In 19 of 41 countries, the majority of all paid leave available is allocated for maternity leave.There are also efforts underway to put this issue on the November 2018 general election ballot.While proponents have portrayed the mandate as all gain, no pain, a careful look at the fine print details tells a different story.Under the Maryland constitution, a vetoed bill that is overturned by the legislature becomes effective 30 days later.This gives small businesses until February 11 to design, implement, and begin tracking a leave program for their employees.For example, the proposal limits the ability of employers to require advanced notice and to implement call-in procedures; limits the ability of employers to require a doctor’s visit and note; allows leave time to be used in as little as seven-minute increments; and opens employers to employment-related litigation, fines and damages.This proposal is the most punitive and aggressive proposal to be pursued in any state to date, especially as it relates to the small employer definition and lack of carve-outs.Thanks to our partners at the Maryland Chamber of Commerce, Shawe Rosenthal, and Fiona Ong, here is a primer on what you need to know about the law: Take Action What Should Maryland Employers Do?Maryland employers should plan to review any existing sick leave or PTO policies to ensure that they comply with the very technical requirements of this new law.In fact, in six countries – Cyprus, Israel, Turkey, Ireland, Switzerland and New Zealand – maternity leave accounts for available paid leave related to the birth or care of a child. While paid leave is dominated by leave for mothers, leave earmarked specifically for fathers is now available in 31 of the 41 countries represented in the data.In most cases, the amount of paid leave specifically for fathers is relatively modest – about two weeks or less. In Japan, almost half of all of the available paid leave for new parents – 30 weeks – is earmarked for new fathers; and in Korea, men are allotted the equivalent of about 16 weeks of paid leave.

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