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) is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinct sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.Located on the Korean Peninsula, Korea is bordered by China to the northwest, Russia to the northeast, and neighbours Japan to the east by the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan (East Sea).
It has been tentatively linked with the title khan used by the nomads of Manchuria and Central Asia.
In North Korea, China, Vietnam and Japan, Korea as a whole is referred to as "[land of the] Morning Calm").
By the late 19th century, the country became the object of imperial design by the Empire of Japan.
After the First Sino-Japanese War, despite the Korean Empire's effort to modernize, it was annexed by Japan in 1910 and ruled by Imperial Japan until the end of World War II in August 1945.
However, Yeon Gaesomun died of a natural cause in 666 and Goguryeo was thrown into chaos and weakened by a succession struggle among his sons and younger brother, with his eldest son defecting to Tang and his younger brother defecting to Silla.
The Tang-Silla alliance finally conquered Goguryeo in 668.Silla and Baekje controlled the southern half of the Korean Peninsula, maintaining the former Samhan territories, while Goguryeo controlled the northern half of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria and the Liaodong Peninsula, uniting Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongye, and other states in the former Gojoseon territories.In 642, the powerful general Yeon Gaesomun led a coup and gained complete control over Goguryeo.Tensions between the two resulted in the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950.With involvement by foreign troops, the war ended in a stalemate in 1953, but without a formalized peace treaty.In 1945, the Soviet Union and the United States agreed on the surrender of Japanese forces in Korea in the aftermath of World War II, leaving Korea partitioned along the 38th parallel. These circumstances soon became the basis for the division of Korea by the two superpowers, exacerbated by their incapability to agree on the terms of Korean independence.The North was under Soviet occupation and the South under U. The Communist-inspired government in the North received backing from the Soviet Union in opposition to the pro-Western government in the South, leading to Korea's division into two political entities: North Korea (formally the Democratic People's Republic of Korea), and South Korea (formally the Republic of Korea).This status contributes to the high tensions that continue to divide the peninsula.To date, each country contends it is the sole legitimate government of all of Korea; they each refuse to recognize the other as legitimate. With expanding British and American trade following the opening of Korea in the late 19th century, the spelling "Korea" appeared and gradually grew in popularity; its use in transcribing East Asian languages avoids the issues caused by the separate hard and soft Cs existing in English vocabulary derived from the Romance languages.In response, Emperor Tang Taizong of China led a campaign against Goguryeo, but was defeated and retreated.After the death of Tang Taizong, his son Emperor Tang Gaozong allied with the Korean kingdom of Silla and invaded Goguryeo again, but was unable to overcome Goguryeo's stalwart defenses and was defeated in 662.