Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download.Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more all for only .99.... He was the son of Jona (Johannes) and was born in Bethsaida (John , 44), a town on Lake Genesareth, the position of which cannot be established with certainty, although it is usually sought at the northern end of the lake.In the list of the Twelve on the occasion of their solemn call to the Apostolate, not only does Peter stand always at their head, but the surname given him by Christ is especially emphasized (Matthew 10:2): "Duodecim autem Apostolorum nomina haec: Primus Simon qui dicitur Petrus. ."; Mark -16: "Et fecit ut essent duodecim cum illo, et ut mitteret eos praedicare . When Christ's words are addressed to all the Apostles, Peter answers in their name (e.g., Matthew ).
And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven.
And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven".
Then he commanded his disciples, that they should tell no one that he was Jesus the Christ (Matthew -20; Mark -30; Luke -21).
By the word "rock" the Saviour cannot have meant Himself, but only Peter, as is so much more apparent in Aramaic in which the same word (Kipha) is used for "Peter" and "rock".
Jesus said to them: "But whom do you say that I am?
" Simon said: "Thou art Christ, the Son of the living God".The Apostle Andrew was his brother, and the Apostle Philip came from the same town. Simon was thus married, and, according to Clement of Alexandria (Stromata, III, vi, ed. The same writer relates the tradition that Peter's wife suffered martyrdom (ibid., VII, xi ed. Concerning these facts, adopted by Eusebius ( III.31) from Clement, the ancient Christian literature which has come down to us is silent.Simon settled in Capharnaum, where he was living with his mother-in-law in his own house (Matthew ; Luke ) at the beginning of Christ's public ministry (about A. Simon pursued in Capharnaum the profitable occupation of fisherman in Lake Genesareth, possessing his own boat (Luke 5:3).Jesus was then dwelling with His Apostles in the vicinity of Caesarea Philippi, engaged on His work of salvation.As Christ's coming agreed so little in power and glory with the expectations of the Messias, many different views concerning Him were current.A little later Christ chose His Twelve Apostles as His constant associates in preaching the kingdom of God. Though of irresolute character, he clings with the greatest fidelity, firmness of faith, and inward love to the Saviour; rash alike in word and act, he is full of zeal and enthusiasm, though momentarily easily accessible to external influences and intimidated by difficulties.The more prominent the Apostles become in the Evangelical narrative, the more conspicuous does Peter appear as the first among them. et imposuit Simoni nomen Petrus"; Luke -14: "Et cum dies factus esset, vocavit discipulos suos, et elegit duodecim ex ipsis (quos et Apostolos nominavit): Simonem, quem cognominavit Petrum . ." On various occasions Peter speaks in the name of the other Apostles (Matthew ; ; Luke , etc.).On several occasions also Christ favoured him above all the others; He enters Peter's boat on Lake Genesareth to preach to the multitude on the shore (Luke 5:3); when He was miraculously walking upon the waters, He called Peter to come to Him across the lake (Matthew sqq.); He sent him to the lake to catch the fish in whose mouth Peter found the stater to pay as tribute (Matthew sqq.).In especially solemn fashion Christ accentuated Peter's precedence among the Apostles, when, after Peter had recognized Him as the Messias, He promised that he would be head of His flock.Later, meeting his brother Simon, Andrew said "We have found the Messias", and brought him to Jesus, who, looking upon him, said: "Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is interpreted Peter".Already, at this first meeting, the Saviour foretold the change of Simon's name to Cephas () a proof that Christ had already special views with regard to Simon.